WASHINGTON — Gordon D. Sondland, the United States ambassador to the European Union, delivered explosive testimony to the House Intelligence Committee on Wednesday in the latest round of public hearings in the impeachment inquiry.
华盛顿——周三，美国驻欧盟大使戈登·D·桑德兰(Gordon D. Sondland)在众议院情报委员会(House Intelligence Committee)最新一轮的弹劾调查听证会上发表了爆炸性证词。
In his opening statement, Mr. Sondland directly implicated members of the Trump administration — including President Trump himself — in a pressure campaign on Ukraine to launch investigations into Mr. Trump’s political rivals. Here are some key takeaways from Mr. Sondland’s testimony.
Sondland: ‘We followed the president’s orders.’
Opening statement, Page 4: Secretary Perry, Ambassador Volker and I worked with Mr. Rudy Giuliani on Ukraine matters at the express direction of the President of the United States. We did not want to work with Mr. Giuliani. Simply put, we were playing the hand we were dealt. We all understood that if we refused to work with Mr. Giuliani, we would lose a very important opportunity to cement relations between the United States and Ukraine. So we followed the President’s orders.
Mr. Sondland told the committee that Mr. Trump directed the Ukraine pressure campaign, that Secretary of State Mike Pompeo signed off, and that Vice President Mike Pence was told about an apparent link between Ukraine’s military aid and the investigations the president desired. He confirmed that there was a “clear quid pro quo” for a White House meeting between Mr. Trump and Ukraine’s president.
桑德兰告诉委员会，特朗普发出了向乌克兰施压的指示，且有国务卿迈克·庞皮欧(Mike Pompeo)签字同意，副总统迈克·彭斯(Mike Pence)被告知，乌克兰的军事援助与总统希望的调查之间存在明显的联系。他证实，特朗普和乌克兰总统在白宫的会面有着“明确的交换条件”。
Trump’s priority was that the Ukrainians had to announce that they would start the investigations, Mr. Sondland said.
Questioning by Daniel S. Goldman, the Democrats’ lawyer: Q: “Now, for Mr. Giuliani by this point, you understood that in order to get that White House meeting — that you wanted President Zelensky to have and that President Zelensky desperately wanted to have — that Ukraine would have to initiate these two investigations. Is that right?”
民主党律师丹尼尔·S·古德曼(Daniel S. Goldman)提问：“这时候，在朱利安尼而言，你知道为了得到白宫会面的机会——你希望泽伦斯基总统得到这次会见，泽伦斯基总统也迫切希望得到这次会见——乌克兰将不得不启动这两个调查。对吗？”
A: “Well, they would have to announce that they were going to do it.”
Q: “Right. Because Giuliani and President Trump didn’t actually care if they did them, right?”
A: “I never heard, Mr. Goldman, anyone say that the investigations had to start or had to be completed. The only thing I heard from Mr. Giuliani or otherwise was that they had to be announced in some form and that form kept changing.”
Mr. Sondland explained to the Democrats’ chief counsel that Mr. Trump’s demand on Ukraine seemed to prioritize the announcement of investigations into his rivals more than it did completing an actual investigation. As far as Mr. Trump was concerned, Ukraine’s announcement that it was investigating the Bidens as part of Mr. Zelensky’s anti-corruption agenda could be damaging enough.
‘Everyone was in the loop’: Sondland cast blame on senior administration officials.
Mr. Sondland told lawmakers about interactions with senior administration officials who have tried to keep some distance from the pressure campaign. He mentioned Vice President Mike Pence, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and the president’s acting chief of staff, Mick Mulvaney, dragging them further into the circle of people who knew about Mr. Trump’s and Mr. Giuliani’s Ukraine foreign policy plan.
Opening statement, Page 14-15: Within my State Department emails, there is a July 19 email. This email was sent to Secretary Pompeo, Secretary Perry, Brian McCormack, who was Secretary Perry’s Chief of Staff at the time, Ms. [Lisa] Kenna, who is the executive secretariat for Secretary Pompeo, Chief of Staff Mulvaney, and Mr. Mulvaney’s Senior Advisor Rob Blair. A lot of senior officials. A lot of senior officials. Here is my exact quote from that email:
开场陈词第14-15页：在我的国务院电子邮件中，有一封7月19日的邮件。这封邮件发给了庞皮欧国务卿、佩里部长、时任佩里部长幕僚长的布莱恩·麦考马克(Brian McCormack)、庞皮欧国务卿的执行秘书（丽莎·）肯纳([Lisa] Kenna)、马尔瓦尼幕僚长以及马尔瓦尼的高级顾问罗布·布莱尔(Rob Blair)。很多高级官员。很多高级官员。以下是我在那封邮件中的原话:
“I Talked to Zelensky just now… He is prepared to receive Potus’ call. Will assure him that he intends to run a fully transparent investigation and will ‘turn over every stone’. He would greatly appreciate a call prior to Sunday so that he can put out some media about a ‘friendly and productive call’ (no details) prior to Ukraine election on Sunday." Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney responded: “I asked NSC to set it up for tomorrow.”
Everyone was in the loop. It was no secret. Everyone was informed via email on July 19, days before the Presidential call.
He also mentioned Mr. Trump’s former national security adviser, John R. Bolton, testifying that he was surprised that Mr. Bolton had called him in late August to request Mr. Giuliani’s contact information before a visit to Kyiv.
他还提到了特朗普的前国家安全顾问约翰·R·博尔顿(John R. Bolton)，他作证说，博尔顿在8月底访问基辅之前打电话给他，要求提供朱利安尼的联系方式，他对此感到惊讶。
For the first time, Sondland described in public a ‘quid pro quo’ involving investigations desired by Trump.
Mr. Sondland told lawmakers that Mr. Giuliani was asking for a “quid pro quo” — a visit to the White House for Mr. Zelensky in exchange for a “public statement” announcing corruption investigations into widely debunked theories that could benefit Mr. Trump politically.
Opening statement, Page 5: Mr. Giuliani demanded that Ukraine make a public statement announcing the investigations of the 2016 election/DNC server and Burisma. Mr. Giuliani was expressing the desires of the President of the United States, and we knew these investigations were important to the President.
He contradicted other witnesses, saying there was only one channel of foreign policy with Ukraine.
Opening statement, Page 4-5: We made every effort to ensure that the relevant decision makers at the National Security Council and the State Department knew the important details of our efforts. The suggestion that we were engaged in some irregular or rogue diplomacy is absolutely false. I have now identified certain State Department emails and messages that provide contemporaneous support for my view. These emails show that the leadership of the State Department, the NSC, and the White House were all informed about the Ukraine efforts from May 23, 2019, until the security aid was released on September 11, 2019. I will quote from some of those messages with you shortly.
Page 6: Any claim that I somehow “muscled” my way into the Ukraine relationship is simply false.
Contradicting testimonies from other witnesses, Mr. Sondland denied the idea that there was a back channel with Ukraine that was operating in the shadows of the typical foreign policy portfolio.