Why does "噬嗑" symbolize criminal law?
噬嗑 is one of the eight trigrams, composed of two identical hexagrams stacked on each other. In the Book of Changes (I Ching), 噬嗑 symbolizes criminal law and the power of punishment. Why is 噬嗑 used to symbolize criminal law? This article will answer this question from several perspectives.
Firstly, the form and meaning of 噬嗑 are relatively clear. The repetition of two identical hexagrams signifies severe strikes and punishment. This recurring form reminds us that criminal law is a powerful instrument that can effectively deter and punish criminal behavior. The shape of 噬嗑 creates a sense of tension and oppression, just like the deterrence power of criminal law against criminals.
Secondly, the yin-yang duality inherent in 噬嗑 provides a theoretical basis for its representation of criminal law. In the eight trigrams, yin and yang are inseparable wholeness, mutually dependent and complementary. As a complete trigram, 噬嗑 represents both the forces of yin and yang. Criminal law is also the same, as it encompasses both the power of severe punishment and the restoration of social order and protection of societal safety. The harmony of yin and yang enables criminal law to maintain fairness and balance while punishing crimes.
Furthermore, the symbolic significance of 噬嗑 can also be found in its hexagram text. The hexagram text of 噬嗑 states, "Walking on frost, penetrating ice, unseen." This phrase implies the characteristics of criminal law. "Walking on frost, penetrating ice" means that the execution of criminal law requires firm determination and fearless courage. The phrase "unseen" suggests the mysterious and unpredictable nature of criminal law. As a force, criminal law can silently and suddenly descend, bringing criminals into the realm of justice.
Lastly, the symbolism of 噬嗑 representing criminal law can be evidenced by its application in daily life. Criminal law is an important component of social harmony, maintaining social fairness and justice through strict punishment of criminals. The symbolic meaning of 噬嗑 has been recognized and understood by people, leading to its widespread use in the symbols and signs of criminal law.
In conclusion, the reasons why 噬嗑 symbolizes criminal law can be explained from its form, yin-yang duality, hexagram texts, and application in real-life situations. As a trigram rich in power and punitive connotations, 噬嗑 accurately expresses the characteristics and functions of criminal law. It reminds us that criminal law is a double-edged sword that needs to be used with caution in order to uphold social order and justice.